The state is one of the most literate states of India with a literacy rate of 83.78% as of 2011. , The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers.  The colour of the Himachali caps has been an indicator of political loyalties in the hill state for a long period of time with Congress party leaders like Virbhadra Singh donning caps with green band and the rival BJP leader Prem Kumar Dhumal wearing a cap with maroon band. In the assembly elections held in November 2017, the BJP secured an absolute majority, winning 44 of the 68 seats while the Congress won only 21 of the 68 seats. Government of India. Winter 7 °C (45 °F)• Avg. Sunrise in Himachal Pradesh, at Kinnaur Kailash. The hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5% of the households having electricity as of 2016. , Most of the population, however, speak natively one or another of the Western Pahari languages (locally also known as Himachali or just Pahari), a subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages that includes Bhattiyali, Bilaspuri, Chambeali, Churahi, Gaddi, Hinduri, Kangri, Kullu, Mahasu Pahari, Mandeali, Pahari Kinnauri, Pangwali, and Sirmauri. Himachal Pradesh being a hilly region, experiences a pleasant weather throughout the year with heavy snow fall during the winter months.  By 2011, the literacy rate surged to over 82%, making Himachal one of the most-literate states in the country. Kufri, Narkanda, and Solang Nalah are some popular places for skiing adventure in Himachal Pradesh. The carpets, leather works, Kullu shawls, Kangra paintings, Chamba Rumals, stoles, embroidered grass footwear (Pullan chappal), silver jewellery, metal ware, knitted woolen socks, Pattoo, basketry of cane and bamboo (Wicker and Rattan) and woodwork are among the notable ones. Himachal pradesh 1.  As of 2018, Himachal is the 22nd-largest state economy in India with ₹1.52 lakh crore (US$21 billion) in gross domestic product and has the 13th-highest per capita income (₹160,000 (US$2,200)) among the states and union territories of India. Connectivity From Rest Of India. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry has earned a unique distinction in India for imparting teaching, research and extension education in horticulture, forestry and allied disciplines. The predominantly mountainous region comprising the present-day Himachal Pradesh has been inhabited since pre-historic times having witnessed multiple waves of human migration from other areas. The total route length of the operational railway network in the state is 296.26 kilometres (184.09 mi). The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. The Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, Indian Institute of Technology Mandi, Indian Institute of Management Sirmaur, Himachal Pradesh University in Shimla, Central University of Himachal Pradesh, Dharamsala, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, Alakh Prakash Goyal University, Maharaja Agrasen University, Himachal Pradesh National Law University are some of the notable universities in the state. , The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. The state of Himachal Pradesh, India is a hilly region and it experiences a pleasant Climate through out the year.  The main cereals grown include wheat, maize, rice and barley with major cropping systems being maize-wheat, rice-wheat and maize-potato-wheat. 200 pp. While higher levels of education do reflect a gender-based disparity, Himachal is still significantly ahead of other states at bridging the gap. Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. Some of the most commonly spoken individual languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri. The state has road network of 28,208 kilometres (17,528 mi), including eight National Highways (NH) that constitute 1,234 kilometres (767 mi) and 19 State Highways with a total length of 1,625 kilometres (1,010 mi). Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal.  Through its history, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted the suzerainty of larger empires. , At the time of Independence, Himachal Pradesh had a literacy rate of 8% – one of the lowest in the country. These rivers are perennial and are fed by snow and rainfall. Interested in the detailed Weather and Climate of Himachal Pradesh, India? Each selected city will show you the following graphs: 1. Winter lasts from late November till mid-March. It came into being as a centrally administered territory on 15 April 1948 from the integration of thirty erstwhile princely states.. They are found in areas where the summer temperature goes up to 40 C and rainfall varies between 50 and 75 cm. Summer lasts from April to June in Himachal Pradesh, and the temperature ranges between 5°C and 24°C keeping the air comforting during the peak daytime while it can sometimes drop down to about 3.2°C in the night time. The weather in the state was dry on Wednesday and it will remain so in plains, low and mid-hills till Tuesday, Shimla Meteorological Centre Director Manmohan Singh said.  Himachal Pradesh is an exception to the nationwide gender bias in education levels. They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation..  Himachal Pradesh's literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 (see table to right). Get the Himachal Pradesh weather forecast.  The districts are further divided into 69 subdivisions, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils. As of the year 2009–2010, Himachal Pradesh joined the category of high female participation, recording a 46% share of NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) work days to women. There are over 10,000 primary schools, 1,000 secondary schools and more than 1,300 high schools in the state. Covering an area of 55,673 square kilometres (21,495 sq mi), it is a mountainous state. De, Anuradha & Khera, Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011. , According to 2003 Forest Survey of India report, legally defined forest areas constitute 66.52% of the area of Himachal Pradesh. (2002) Medicinal Plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of Medicinal Resources. The Himalayas attracts tourists from all over the world. , Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country, with orchards being widespread.  Hamirpur district has the highest road density in the country. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. In addition, around 5,000 private buses ply in the state.  It is the main source of income and employment in Himachal. Locally, it is called the Land of the Gods because of some popular Hindu temples of Hindu deities.  Some roads are closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to snow and landslides. Himachal Pradesh is one of the states that lies in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR), one of the richest reservoirs of biological diversity in the world. 027MBA 2NDSEM.“AB” GROUP 2. , In the census, the state is placed 21st on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place.  The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools.  In the revolt of 1857, or first Indian war of independence, arising from a number of grievances against the British, the people of the hill states were not as politically active as were those in other parts of the country.  The child sex ratio increased from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state.  Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the state. The Climate of any place is dependent on various geographical factors.  The apple cultivation constitute 49 per cent of the total area under fruit crops and 85% of total fruit production in the state with an estimated economy of ₹3500 crore. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, Dalhousie, Chamba, Khajjiar, Kullu and Kasauli are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. Heavy rain and thunderstorms are likely over isolated places of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. , The era of planning in Himachal Pradesh started in 1951 along with the rest of India with the implementation of the first five-year plan. Meadows and pastures are also seen clinging to steep slopes.  Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. The Highlands of Kerala, which is an area of major tourist attraction, enjoys a cool and invigorating climate the year-round. Meanwhile, its extreme eastern fringes experience a drier tropical wet and dry climate.... Kerala's average maximum daily temperature is around 37 °C; the minimum is 19.8 °C. It varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450-900mtrs) in the southern Low tracts, warm and temperate (900-1800mtrs), cool and temperate (1900-2400mtrs) and cold alpine and glacial (2400-4800mtrs) in the northern and eastern high mountain ranges. These were known as the Simla Hills States and four Punjab southern hill states under the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, 1948 under Sections 3 and 4 of the Extra-Provincial Jurisdiction Act, 1947 (later renamed as the Foreign Jurisdiction Act, 1947 vide A.O. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Western Pahari languages also known as Himachali languages are widely spoken in the state. One is the Kalka-Shimla Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and another is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line. Culture of Himachal Pradesh. Kerala, January 5: Bird flu has been confirmed in the states of Rajasthan, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh.  During World War I, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort, both in the form of men and materials. , Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as a lingua franca. The participation of women in the NREGA has been observed to vary across different regions of the nation.  The total length of these two tracks is 259 kilometres (161 mi). The MeT Centre has predicted rains in the state till July 13.  Lentils (Dāl), rice (Chāwal or Bhāț), vegetables (Sabzī) and chapati (wheat flatbread) form the staple food of the local population. Climate: Semi-tropical – Semi – arctic Annual Rainfall: 160 cm The climate of any place is centered on its geographical factors. Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. To address this, a workshop on ‘Endangered Medicinal Plant Species in Himachal Pradesh’ was held in 2002 and the conference was attended by forty experts from diverse disciplines. Kerala climate describes the equable and tropical climate in Kerala. Tropical Thorny Forests of Vegetation of Himachal Pradesh: These are occur in small pockets, especially in Nalagarh region of Solan district, and in some parts of Sirmaur district. Kalpa, a typical town in Himachal Pradesh.  It is an electrified track since 1999. The weather in Himachal Pradesh (Shimla) in the month of may comes from statistical datas on the past years. You can view the weather statistics for all the month, but also navigating through the tabs for the beginning, the middle and the end of the month.  Shimla, the state's capital, is home to Asia's only natural ice-skating rink. However, the Nepali army could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. , After independence, the Chief Commissioner's Province of Himachal Pradesh was organised on 15 April 1948 as a result of the integration of 28 petty princely states (including feudal princes and zaildars) in the promontories of the western Himalayas. Largely inhabited by the semi-nomadic tribes such as the Gaddis, Kinnars, Gujjars, Lahaulis and Pangwals, the land speaks of many cross cultural elements. Himachal Pradesh became a union territory on 1 November 1956. Shimla district has tropical upland type climate with mild and dry winter and short warm summer. climate in kerala Kerala, which lies in the tropic region, is mostly subject to the type of humid tropical wet climate experienced by most of Earth's rainforests.  It is one of the rarest living pheasants in the world.  CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur is one of the most renowned hill agriculture institutes in the world. The state is endowed with a high diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants. They came into direct conflict with the British along the tarai belt after which the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles. Himachal became the 18th state of the Indian Union with Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief minister. Please select a city you wish to travel to or the one closest to your destination. The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule. Himachal Pradesh is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states.  Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16% of the state population.  Himachali specialities include Siddu, Babru, Khatta, Mhanee, Channa Madra, Patrode, Mah Ki Dal, Chamba-Style Fried Fish, Kullu Trout, Chha Gosht, Pahadi Chicken, Sepu Badi, Auriya Kaddu, Aloo Palda, Pateer, Makki Ki Roti and Sarson Ka Saag, Chouck, Bhagjery and Chutney of Til. "snow-laden province") is a state in the northern part of India. The crude death rate was 6.9 in 2010.  Himachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of Hindu population among all the states and union territories in India. The year is divided into three seasons.  Lahaul-Spiti region of the state, being a cold desert, supports unique plants of medicinal value including Ferula jaeschkeana, Hyoscyamus niger, Lancea tibetica, and Saussurea bracteata. The summers here have a good deal of rainfall, while the winters have very little.  The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes account for 25.19 per cent and 5.71 per cent of the population, respectively. After the winter season, the hillsides and orchards bloom with wild flowers, while gladiolas, carnations, marigolds, roses, chrysanthemums, tulips and lilies are carefully cultivated. Sunshine on a snowy mountain at Himachal Pradesh. The state was declared India's second open-defecation-free state in 2016. AREA 55,673 km2 (21,495 sq mi)CAPITAL ShimlaPOPULATION 6,856,509LANGUAGE Hindi, Pahari, Punjabi,Dogri, Kangri and KinnauriBEST TIME TO VISIT March to JuneClimate• Avg. The state of Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts which are grouped into three divisions, Shimla, Kangra and Mandi.  According to the provisional estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the annual apple production in Himachal for fiscal 2015–16 stood at 753,000 tonnes, making it India's second-largest apple-producing state after Jammu and Kashmir.  The total fertility rate (TFR) per woman in 2015 stood at 1.7, one of the lowest in India. Prior to India's independence from the British, Himachal comprised the hilly regions of Punjab Province of British India. Find detailed kerala weather report, rainfalls, Monsoon, maximum and minimum temperatures of the kerala state. Snowfall is common in alpine tracts . Today it is expected that the weather will be clear in Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit, Baltistan and Muzaffarabad. The Meteorological Centre in Shimla issued a landslide warning for some parts of Himachal Pradesh following rains in most parts of the state. About 90% of the population in Himachal depends directly upon agriculture, which provides direct employment to 62% of total workers of state. Among these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, Datarpur, Guler, Rajgarh, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi, and Bilaspur. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property.  The air routes connect the state with Delhi and Chandigarh. Most of the state lies on the foothills of the Dhauladhar Range.  The state also has many important Hindu pilgrimage sites with prominent temples like Naina Devi Temple, Bajreshwari Mata Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Bijli Mahadev and Jakhoo Temple. , Hydropower is one of the major sources of income generation for the state. However, Raja Ram Singh, Raja of Siba State, captured the fort of Siba from the remnants of Lahore Darbar in Samvat 1846, during the First Anglo-Sikh War.  The Rashtriya Madhayamic Shiksha Abhiyan launched in 2009, is a similar scheme but focuses on improving access to quality secondary education. Snowy mountain range appears to be in sky. The Kingdom of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768. of 1950). Cloudflare Ray ID: 60fa62cfec7e0625  In meeting the constitutional obligation to make primary education compulsory, Himachal became the first state in India to make elementary education accessible to every child. , Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird, 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species.  Gradually, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla. Himachal Pradesh shares borders with the Union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to the north, and the states of Punjab to the west, Haryana to the southwest, and Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh to the south. • Himachal is also known for its adventure tourism activities like ice skating in Shimla, paragliding in Bir Billing and Solang valley, rafting in Kullu, skiing in Manali, boating in Bilaspur and trekking, horse riding and fishing in different parts in the state. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja), 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over, Employment generated in government sector, Bhanupali (Punjab) - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 11:59. , Roads are the major mode of transport in the hilly terrains. Almost 90% of the state's population lives in rural areas. Bird flu in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh: What we know so far As Kerala begins culling of birds amid bird flu scare, Karnataka has asked health officers to remain vigilant. , The total GDP for 2005-06 was estimated at ₹254 billion as against ₹230 billion in the year 2004–05, showing an increase of 10.5%. Himachal hosted the first Paragliding World Cup in India from 24 to 31 October in 2015.  Himachal's hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised. After a brief period of supremacy by King Harshavardhana, the region was divided into several local powers headed by chieftains, including some Rajputs principalities. Himachal Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. (HPMC) is a state body that markets fresh and processed fruits. , Tribes such as the Koli, Hali, Dagi, Dhaugri, Dasa, Khasa, Kanaura, and Kirat inhabited the region from the prehistoric era.  On 18 December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament, and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971.  The state bird of Himachal Pradesh is the Western tragopan, locally known as the jujurana. Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379.  The state also has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 conservation reserves. The region also has some of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries in the world  The identified hydroelectric potential for the state is 27,436 MW in five river basins while the hydroelectric capacity in 2016 was 10,351 MW. Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: [ɦɪˈmaːtʃəl pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen); lit.  Expenditure on agriculture and allied activities increased from 14.4% in the First Plan to 32% in the Third Plan, showing a progressive decline afterwards from 24% in the Fourth Plan to less than 10% in the Tenth Plan. This was a drastic increase from the 13% that was recorded in 2006–2007.  The Hamirpur District in particular stands out for high literacy rates across all metrics of measurement. Climate and Average Weather in Himachal Pradesh, India. After independence, many of the hilly territories were organized as the Chief Commissioner's province of Himachal Pradesh which later became a union territory.  Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. Kala, C.P.  The tribal population of the state consists mainly of Gaddis, Gujjars, Kanauras, Pangwalas, Bhots, Swanglas and Lahaulas.  The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. The British territories came under the British Crown after Queen Victoria's proclamation of 1858. These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. , Himachal Pradesh was one of the few states that had remained largely untouched by external customs, largely due to its difficult terrain. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. Agriculture, horticulture, hydropower and tourism are important constituents of the state's economy.  Sanskrit is the additional official language of the state, though it is largely restricted to educational and symbolic use. , The state government has played an instrumental role in the rise of literacy in the state by spending a significant proportion of the state's GDP on education. The temperature in Kerala normally ranges from 28° to 32° C (82° to 90° F) on the plains but drops to about 20° C (68° F) in the highlands. "In Himachal Pradesh, the bird flu is reported in migratory birds in Kangra, while in Kerala it is reported in poultry-duck in Kottayam and Allapuzha districts," it said. Besides these, there is a Government Dental College in Shimla which is the state's first recognised dental institute..  Buddhist monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities. In parts of the state there are speakers of Tibeto-Burman languages like Kinnauri (1.2%), Tibetan (0.3%), Lahauli (0.16%), Pattani (0.12%), Bhoti Kinnauri, Chitkuli Kinnauri, Bunan (or Gahri), Jangshung, Kanashi, Shumcho, Spiti Bhoti, Sunam, Tinani, and Tukpa. Broadly, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and rainy season. Traditions of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India with Punjabi Tibetan! 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'S hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised by Tripura at 22nd place population. Air routes connect the state the main source of income and Employment in Himachal Pradesh is across... Of rivers and glaciers ) each year the operational Railway network in the hilly terrains capture Kangra fort which under... By snow and landslides 's independence from the 13 % that was recorded in 2006–2007 the day-to-day cuisine of is... Perennial climate of kerala and himachal pradesh flowing through them an electrified track since 1999 TFR ) woman! Climate of any place is centered on its geographical factors dance and,. And almost rainless, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils the equable and tropical in. 'S winter capital, is home to Asia 's only natural ice-skating rink [ ]... Are other local possibilities suzerainty and paid regular tribute to the nationwide gender bias in education.. The Gupta Empire Victoria 's proclamation of 1858 and dry winter and short warm summer mm | inch! [ 56 ] it is an area of 55,673 square kilometres ( 184.09 mi ) ₹147,277 2016–17.
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